Khor Virap is an Armenian monastery. Khor Virap"s notability as a monastery and pilgrimage site is attributed to the fact that Gregory the illuminator was initially imprisoned here for 14 years by king Trdates 3 of Armenia. Saint Gregory subsequently became the kings religious mentor and they led the proselytizing activity in the country. In the year 301, Armenia was the first country in the world to be declared a christian nation.
Surb Karapet monastery was an Armenian apostolic monastery in the histiric province of Taron. Historically, the monastery was the religious center of Taron and was a prominent pilgrimage site. It was considered the most important monastery in Western Armenia. From the 12th century the monastery was the seat of the diocese of Taron, which had an armenian population of 90 000 in the early 20th century. The monastery was burned and robbed during the Armenian genocide of 1915.
It was the most prominent Armenian church in the city, until it was destroyed by the great fire of Smyrna in 1922. The church was located in the Armenian quarter of the city and served the armenian community along with the Surb Mesrop boarding school for boys and Serb Hripsime school for girls.The church building was surrounded a huge yard and a high wall.