King Artashes 1 founder of the Artashesid dynasty established his Armenian capital at Artashat around 180 BC. Artashat was destroyed by the persian king Sapuh 2. Artashat is close to the hillock of Khor Virap. Until its chapel was built , Khor Virap was used as royal prison. When king Tiridates 3 ruled over Armenia his assistant was the christian Grigor Lusavorich who preached the christian religion. When news reached the king that Gregory's father Anak the partian was responsible for the murder of the king"s father, the king ordered that Gregory's hand and legs be tied and that he be thrown into the Khor Virap to die . However, Gregory did not die during his 13 years of imprisonment.
Kakhavaberd is a fortress on a ridge overlooking the Azat river gorge at the Khosrov state reserve in the Ararat province of Armenia. It is 1,516 metres above sea level. The fortress was first mentioned by Hovhannes Draskhanakerttsi.
Surb Karapet monastery was an Armenian apostolic monastery in the historic province of Taron. The monastery subsequently served as a stronghold of the Mamikonians-the princely house of Taron , who claimed to be the holy warriors of John the Baptist , their patron saint. By the 20th century it was a large fort-like enclosure with four chapels.